Sugary drinks and weight gain, type 2 diabetes and other chronic disease
Consumption of sweet beverages and type 2 diabetes incidence in European adults: results from EPIC-InterAct
Case-Control cohort study investigating the association between SSBs and type 2 diabetes. The authors conclude; this study corroborates the association between increased incidence of type 2 diabetes and high consumption of sugar-sweetened soft drinks in European adults.
InterAct Consortium et al. Diabetologia PMID: 23620057, July 2013
Sugar-Sweetened Soft Drinks, Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
Editorial on soft drinks and obesity and type 2 diabetes including evidence of a link and recommendations for action.
Caroline M Apovian, MD. JAMA, August 25, 2004-Vol 292, No. 8, August 2004
Consumption of sugar sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and fruit juice and incidence of type 2 diabetes: systematic review, meta-analysis, and estimation of population attributable fraction
This systematic review examined the relationship between sugar sweetened and artificially sweetened drinks and development of type 2 diabetes. The authors found that one serving of sugar sweetened drinks per day increases risk of type 2 diabetes by 18%.
Imamura F et al.BMJ 2015;351:h3 576, 2015
The weight of evidence suggests that soft drinks are a major issue in childhood and adolescent obesity
The authors found that soft drink consumption has increased over the past 30 years, from 47 L per person per year to 113 L per person (children and adults).
Gill T, Rangan A and Webb K.Medical Journal of Australia; 184(6):263–4. 2006
Estimated global, regional, and national disease burdens related to sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in 2010
Key findings were:
- Worldwide, the model estimated 184,000 (95%UI=161,000-208,000) deaths/year attributable to SSB consumption: 133,000 (126,000-139,000) from diabetes, 45,000 (26,000-61,000) from CVD, and 6,450 (4,300-8,600) from cancers.
- A total of 8.5 (2.8, 19.2) million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were related to SSB intake (4.5% of diabetes-related DALYs).
Gitanjali M. Singh et al CIRCULATION AHA.114.010636 Published online before print June 29, 2015, doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.010636, 2015
Relationship of soft drink consumption to global overweight, obesity and diabetes: A cross-national analysis of 75 countries
- Globally, soft drink consumption increased from 36 litres per person per year in 1997 to 43 litres in 2010.
- A 1% rise in soft drink consumption was associated with an additional 4.8 overweight adults per 100.
- Industry analysts suggest that soft drink consumption is expected to rise by 15.7% over the next 5 years in low- and middle-income countries and 9.5% worldwide.
- This projected rise in soft drink consumption would correspond to an additional 2.3 billion adults who are overweight, 1.1 billion adults who are obese, and 192 million new cases of diabetes worldwide over the next 5 years, with at least 60% of the burden falling on low- and middle-income countries.
Basu S. et al,Am J Public Health;103:2071-7 2013
Beverage intake and obesity in Australian children
A review of sugary drink consumption amongst Australian children Examines relationship with overweight and obesity, SES, TV viewing time and activity levels.
Clifton PM et al.Nutr Metab (Lond) 2011; 8: 87, 2011
Sugary drinks and oral health
Black Cola drinks, oral health and general health: an evidence-based approach
Article exploring the role of black cola drinks in formation of dental caries.
Walsh LJ. ADA News Bulletin, 2008
Nutrition, dietary guidelines and food policy in oral health
Sugar intake is directly proportional to the development of dental caries. Consumption of acidic soft drinks is the biggest risk factor for dental erosion in children and adolescents.
Rugg-Gunn A.In: Pine CM, editor. Community Oral Health. Great Britain: Reed Educational and Professional Publishing Ltd; 1997.
Sugary drinks tax
See Relevant Publications under Sugary Drinks Tax
Sources of sugar in the Australian diet
Dietary intake and food sources of added sugar in the Australian population
Over half of the Australian population consumes more free sugars than the WHO’s recommendation.
Sugar sweetened beverages accounted for the greatest proportion of the added sugar intake in the Australian population (21%)
Lei, Linggang, et al. British Journal of Nutrition 115.05 (2016): 868-877.